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Don’t make coal lone villain, India asserts at climate meet | India News

Don’t make coal lone villain, India asserts at climate meet | India News


SHARM EL-SHEIKH: Amid growing demand to end use of coal, India here at the UN climate talks (COP27) on Saturday made a strong point saying making any one fuel the villain is not right as natural gas and oil also lead to emissions.
Making its intervention during presidency consultation on the cover decisions of COP27, India also suggested certain points to be included in the decision text, saying the long-term goal of the Paris Agreement requires phasing down of all fossil fuels.
Sources familiar with the proceedings and India’s interventions said India urged the acceleration of the global clean energy transition as per national circumstances and acknowledging that “all fossil fuels contribute to GHG emissions”.
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India also invited other countries to consider the sustainable development goal 12 (SDG 12) on sustainable consumption and production, and promote a global mass movement for climate-friendly lifestyles.
India is learnt to have told the participants that “selective singling out of sources of emissions, for either labelling them more harmful, or labelling them ‘green and sustainable’ even when they are sources of greenhouse gases, has no basis in the best available science”.
Expressing deep regret that countries continue to live in an unequal world with enormous disparities in energy use, incomes and emissions, India drew attention of the negotiators towards recognising that the global carbon budget is shrinking rapidly and there is necessity of its equitable sharing.
India made this point in the backdrop of the latest global carbon project report that on Friday noted that the remaining carbon budget for a 50% likelihood to limit global warming to 1.5 degree C has reduced to 380 GtCO2 (exceeded after nine years if emissions remain at 2022 levels) and 1230 GtCO2 to limit to 2 degree C (30 years at 2022 emissions levels). It projected total global CO2 emissions of 40.6 billion tonnes (GtCO2) in 2022 which is close to the 40.9 GtCO2 in 2019, which is the highest annual total ever.
Referring to disproportionate use of the global carbon budget by rich countries since 1850 onwards, India noted with concern that in the latest IPCC reports (AR6), there is a serious gap reflected in operationalising the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR-RC) in the modelling scenarios, and urged the scientific community to develop equity-based scenarios and frameworks.
Underlining the gap, India suggested that the basic principles of common but differentiated responsibilities, equity, and nationally determined nature of climate commitments under the Paris Agreement need to be strongly emphasised in the cover decision text of the COP27 which would enter the crucial phase of negotiation next week with the beginning of the high-level segment involving ministers including India environment minister Bhupender Yadav.


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